Glassline Paper - First Experiment

I’ve found that there isn’t much info out there about people’s experiences with Glassline products, so I’ll start documenting my attempts - please feel free to leave comments with your notes or questions and maybe we can start a discussion. I have used the paper once, and here are my results.

To try it out, I ordered one of the assorted packs - I think it was about $40 for a pack of 15 5” square sheets. This included 5 colors with 3 different textures each.

Glassline Paper - Full Fuse

The Glassline paper product brochure is here. I followed the instructions - I kept the edge of the paper 1/4” away from the edge of the glass, I used a tiny dot of Elmer’s glue to keep the paper in place, and used bits of stringer to separate the bottom and top pieces of glass.

glassline_paper_jellyfish_pre-fuse.jpg

To the right is my little sample pre-fuse. It’s really tiny - roughly about 1”x2”. I didn’t want to waste the paper or the glass if it didn’t turn out!

The bits of blue stringer are sandwiched between the glass, I could have also used clear and it wouldn’t show up in the final piece.

 
glassline_paper_after_full_fuse.JPG

And the final result! The colors really deepened, and the texture is still apparent (though that’s not as obvious in this picture of a tiny sample). The paper did appear to shrink a bit - most obvious in the skinny jellyfish legs. I’m not sure if the bigger pieces didn’t shrink or if it’s just not as obvious.

 

I love the idea of using this paper to add detail to future pieces, and I’ll definitely be experimenting with it more! I’ll keep you posted on how it goes.

Bullseye Striker Glass - Orange 1125

“OMG, they forgot my orange transparent glass, and I wanted to make rainbows and now there is no orange…” was what I thought when I was organizing the giant box of sheet glass I ordered from Bullseye recently - at first glance there appeared to be two yellows and no orange.

But of course there was no mistake - one of the two yellow looking sheets was indeed marked with the “1125” code for the orange glass, which upon looking closer is marked as a “striker” and promised to fuse to a deep orange. Here are my results!

Preparing rainbow to fire

Below is the picture pre-fire - the second strip from the top is the Orange 1125. Each of these strips is 5/8” tall. I capped the whole thing with a piece of 3mm clear Tekta.

bullseye_transparent_glass_rainbow_pre-fire.jpg

Rainbow Post-Firing

And here is the result after firing! This is after a full-fuse. As you can see, it isn’t just the orange that came out more brilliant in color, all the colors are brighter! I would like to find another purple to use, but other than that, I love how this rainbow turned out! I’m planning to embellish it a little and then slump it on a wave mold.

bullseye_rainbow_full_fuse.jpg

One last pic to really show the contrast - Orange 1125 sheet glass on the left, full-fused rainbow on the right. The 1125 is the second color down in the rainbow.

bullseye_orange_transparent_fired.jpg

Glassline Paints - First Experiments and Results

I wanted a way to create more detail in my fused glass pieces using paints. I’ve done a little painting after firing, using some glass paints I bought at Michael’s years ago, but I know those aren’t food-safe, plus they might not last as long as fused paints.

glassline_paints_set.jpg

I ordered a set of 6 Glassline paints, including tips (since that way you get 6 paints for the price of 5), but I think I should have just picked 5 colors as the selection in the set is limited and repetitive, I ended up buying more colors anyway.

The set came with Amethyst and Lavender, which are super close in shade, two shades of blue (teal and carbon blue), and Camel. Seriously, Camel? I would have much rather had a standard yellow. I ended up buying a Black, Yellow, and Deep Red separately anyway.

Moving on. Not Glassline’s fault I didn’t really think about which colors I would want to have. Doing some googling, there is not a ton of information out there about how the Glassline colors react to fusing, so I did my own experiment. I used a bit of each color on a couple different shades of scrap glass and threw those pieces in during a full fuse session.

Glassline Paints - Full Fuse Experiment

glassline_paint_test_1.jpg

Looking online and at the Glassline product materials, the consensus was to paint a design, let dry, and bring to a full fuse. I painted on some designs (Carbon Blue in this sample), on a scrap piece of Bullseye Tekta clear glass, and sprinkled on some frit to see how it reacted. The above picture is pre-fuse, here are the results after fusing:

glassline_paints_test_2.jpg

So Carbon Blue darkens upon firing, and will show through the frit. I also wanted to see all the colors, and how they showed up on different color glass. The below picture are my pre-firing scribbles, colors are the ones listed above. Paint is still wet in this pic, but I let it dry before firing (which only takes about an hour). For the star in the lower right, I capped the star with a second piece of Tekta clear to see if the result was any different from the uncapped glass.

glassline_paint_test_prefuse_3.jpg

Here are the results after firing (full fuse). Looks like I didn’t take a photo of the grey piece, and the capped star didn’t look any different than the uncapped Carbon Blue. One observation on the darker glass colors is that the edges of the paint seem to look a little fuzzy after firing - maybe if I capped them it would look different?

The AMETHYST and LAVENDER are really similar - on the left, i wrote ‘laura’ in lavendar and ‘amy’ in amethyst…

The AMETHYST and LAVENDER are really similar - on the left, i wrote ‘laura’ in lavendar and ‘amy’ in amethyst…

Glassline Paints - Tack Fuse Experiment

Next up, I decided to paint before tack fusing. I want to be able to paint little accents on pieces, and I’d rather not full-fuse little painted pieces before tack-fusing them together (not only does it take more time, but they’d lose their shape in the extra full fuse step), so I thought I’d give it a shot. Here are the results:

First up, I tried making some little flowers and painted accents onto the petals. Left is pre-fuse, right is post-fuse. The hibiscus below didn’t really turn out, but it shows the paint - this is the Glassline Yellow and Deep Red paints. They both dry in really muted versions of the shades, but the color pops after firing. I think I used too much paint though, which led to cracking during the firing step

hibiscus_glassline_before_fuse.jpg
hibiscus_glassline_after_tack_fuse.jpg

Later, I used Glassline green and camel (I found a use for the camel, hooray!) to paint accents on my palm tree below. I think these paints are going to work out great for making my pieces more detailed, and I’ll definitely be experimenting with them more! I also bought a sample pack of the Glassline paper - a first try is going in the kiln tonight so I’ll post about how that works out another time.

Palm_Tree_Glassline_paint.jpg

One final note - be sure to clean the tiny tips after each use. Especially the smallest one, which is the one I have used most - if you let the paint dry it is REALLY hard to clean later! Use the little pins, and I’ve also found that it helps to store the tips with the pins inside to keep the holes clog-free.

Woven glass plate - tutorial

I’ve been interested for a while in creating a woven glass plate - look on Pinterest for that phrase, and there are tons of beautiful examples. Plus it just seems counter-intuitive at first - to create a woven plate out of glass, so I wanted to make one.

Woven Plate Supplies

You’ll need the following items to create one of these plates:

  • Weave Mold - This is the one I used, but there are other options too. You can buy a package of bars to place yourself to give you more options - I liked that I couldn’t go wrong with spacing using the mold.

  • Square Plate Slump Mold

  • Glass! I use Bullesye COE 90 glass for everything. I also used Bullseye stringers, but that’s optional.

Woven Plate - Steps

Step 1 - Choosing your glass

The crucial first step is to plan your project - what colors do you want to use? How big should the end result be? Do you have the right glass onhand to achieve the result you want? I used three colors with an accent stringer in this example, but you could get a great result with more or fewer colors too. This step can sometimes take me the longest, and I can spend a lot of time sorting through glass colors to decide what looks best together. For this example, I ended up picking a dark blue, teal green, and cream - all opaque. The red-orange stringer was a last-minute addition that I’m super glad I made, as it made all the difference in the finished plate, which you’ll see at the end.

Step 2 - Glass Cutting

When researching this project, I was also working my way through the tutorial videos on the Bullseye site - for just $45 per year, you get access to a ton of informative videos, which I have found to be helpful and inspiring. One of these videos mentioned that glass ‘wants to’ break in half - so if you have a bunch of thin pieces to cut, it’s best to cut the larger piece in half, then half again, half again, etc, rather than trying to ‘chip off’ each piece from the larger whole.

I took that advice, and the cutting for this project went very smoothly! I decided that my plate would be 11 strips x 11 strips- so I needed 11 cream colored pieces, 6 dark blue, and 5 teal. Everything was 1/2” wide. I decided to have the extra piece be dark blue instead of teal so the darker color would anchor the plate on either end. I used the normal score/snap method for cutting. A few pieces broke, but I had enough extra glass that it didn’t matter.

Step 3 - Prep weaving mold and make ziggy pieces

fused_glass_weave_mold.JPG

We just need to make the ‘ziggy pieces’ now - the strips that will be turned 90 degrees will be inserted straight (no firing) before the tack fuse. You’ll see.

To make the zigs, I laid alternating blue and teal strips on the mold. The picture is after firing, as I neglected to take one beforehand. I found that the edges shrink inward (using one thickness of 3 mm glass) during firing, so you can place the strips quite close together and not have them fuse together. (I first planned for 13 pieces and fired that many, but quickly discovered that was too many for this size plate.)

For this mold, I used the following firing schedule (my schedules are all in degrees Fahrenheit, and the order is Ramp/Temperature/Hold Time in minutes):

400/1020/20

900/1370/30

AFAP/980/30

400/300/<end>

fused_glass_weave_mold_results.jpg

I think that when I make another of these, I will increase the temperature and/or time in Step 2 - I found that the strips didn’t quite dip all the way into the concave parts of the mold. They were also a little stuck to the mold - I was able to loosen them, but should look into why this happened to avoid it for next time. (one of the many advantages of this blog, to record in one place what I did and should do differently in the future!) See the pic on the right - you can see the space between the strip and the bottom. It’s not THAT bad, but it was challenging to insert the cream pieces, which I think would be easier if the ziggy pieces were fully conformed to the mold.

After firing, I did a little grinding of the zigs where there were weird burrs, and on the ends. I think that the higher temp or longer time at the high temperature would give a more even result though.

Every kiln has different results, so please don’t assume yours will produce the same result as mine - the fusing schedule above might be a good starting point, but you’ll want to experiment and adjust accordingly.

Step 4: Preparing to Tack Fuse the Weave

fused_glass_woven_plate_before_tack.jpg

OK, now you’ve created the woven pieces for one direction - for the other direction, it’s much easier. First, decide which half of the ‘zigs’ you’ll turn upside down, and do so, alternating pieces. I turned the teal pieces upside down from how they’d been fired.

You’ll then thread in the ‘zags’ (for me, the cream). Probably because my zigs didn’t fully sink into the crevices of the weave mold, I found this to be a little difficult, and I had to strategically order the zigs and zags so I could thread in all the zags.

But it all worked out in the end, and looking at the piece pre-fusing, I could see that I was missing something, color wise - that’s when I grabbed my 1 mm stringer assortment to look for a good accent color and pulled out the orange. Every other strip having an accent looked right to me, so that’s what I went with.

 

Step 4: Tack fusing

For the tack fuse, I used the following schedule:

300/1150/30

200/1325/20

AFAP/950/60

150/700/10

300/300/0

This worked well for my kiln, and I’d do this again.

Step 6: Slump

fused_glass_woven_plate_finished.jpg

So what’s the point of all of this if you don’t create a useful item or nice piece of art, right? My last step was to slump the woven piece into a square plate mold, using the following fusing schedule:

400/1265/30

AFAP/960/60

150/700/<end>

Like the tack fuse step, I was happy with these results (again, for my kiln, yours may be different) and would use the same firing schedule next time. This was a fun project, and the resulting plate can be used as a fruit plate, or I can also imagine it with slices of crusty bread on a dinner table. Or for use as an appetizer plate or a ‘key dish’ for an entryway - lots of great options.

Tack fusing silhouette project

I haven’t posted in a while, but that doesn’t mean I haven’t been playing with glass! I completed this project over the summer, and started this post months ago - finally finished it up. I’ve added some new pictures to the Gallery page, and am planning some more posts soon with more project descriptions - stay tuned!

I'd gotten comfortable with the pendant projects and wanted to try something different.  I enjoy making the pendants - they're small, you can make a bunch at one time quickly, and it's great to open the kiln and find it full of pretty shiny things - and sometimes people even want to buy them!

But I chose the bigger kiln to make larger, creative projects, and have just been stuck on what to make, plus the fear of spending a lot of time on a big project only to have it not turn out in the end.  

Luckily there are a ton of youtube videos out there for inspiration and ideas, and this one gave me an idea for a quick beginner project to try a tack-fused small panel:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vHUjI7bJBCo

I liked the idea of a silhouette of tree branches and birds, so I created my design: 

glass_bird_silhouette_before_fusing.jpg

This picture was taken after I cut and ground the glass. The lovebirds I cut on the Taurus Ring Saw, but the rest I cut by hand and ground on my Gryphette grinder. This piece is three layers - a rectangle of black, the red sky bits, and then the lovebirds. I thought about adding more details, but I just wanted to see how this piece tack fused together without spending a lot of time on it - didn’t want to waste my time if it turned out poorly in the end!

I used the following fusing schedule for this piece (as an aside, I would love to make this a table, but can’t figure out how to do that…any advice, please leave in comments!):

Ramp/Temp/Time
300/1150/30

200/1325/15

AFAP/950/60

150/700/end

It came out great! I was really happy with the result and can’t wait to try more ideas!

fused_glass_birds.JPG

This is a great beginner project, especially since it’s only one firing to get a great result! I only wish I’d fused in some hooks for hanging, so I suppose I’ll glue a hook to the back to allow for hanging. Overall, this was a fun, fast, and rewarding project. And it has a nice 3D look to it, which I’m looking to duplicate in future projects too.

Puddle Melting

puddle_melt_pendants.jpg

I've just completed four firings in 3 days, and two of those firings were to create some awesome puddle melt pendants.  Every time a firing is finished, I'm stoked to open up the kiln, but this last run was especially cool because I really didn't know what I'd find.

 

Step 1:  Making the Puddles

puddle_melts_after_firing.jpg

First step was to make the puddles that would later be broken up to make the pendants (and other things - I have reserve puddle chunks for another day!).  I stacked up 6 3"x3" squares of glass, and put them in the kiln.  I made two piles, one with blues/green/white/grey, and another with pinks/purples/white.  I put them in the kiln on top of some shelf paper, and left plenty of room around them so they could spread out.  

 

When the glass is fired, it spreads out - the photo above shows the bottom of the resulting puddle - each layer flowed over the edge of the one below.  Size of the final puddle was about 5"x5" and 7/16" thick in the middle.  I used a full fuse firing schedule, holding at 1500F for 30 minutes.  This fire took about 6 hours.

Step 2:  Puddle Smash

glass_puddle_smash.jpg

To turn the puddles into usable chunks, they need broken up.  I tried score-and-snap, but it was way too thick for that.  I read people had luck scoring and hitting with a hammer, but for me that didn't break nicely and just shattered the puddle into 8-10 pieces.  That was fine though since it gave chunks I could start working with - but wouldn't be optimal if I was trying to get a lot of nice slices. 

 
puddle_slicing_taurus.jpg

I also ran the pink square thru the Taurus ring-saw, and the saw cut it like a champ.  But I don't want to use up my blade on these, so I probably won't try that again.  We do have a tile saw so I think I'll give that a go on some of the leftover puddle chunks.  

Anyways.  Use a hammer to break, or then I found that my mosaic tile-nippers worked well to break off the pieces for the pendants.  Whatever you do, wear your safety glasses!

I made a bunch of smallish pieces to fire as pendants.  It was hard to tell from the chunks how big the pendants would be so I weighed them as I broke them off - tried to aim for 6-15 grams in weight to get a variety of sizes.  I think I broke up about half of each puddle and I have other plans for the rest.

 

Step 3:  Second Firing

puddle_chunks_before_firing.jpg

I put shelf paper on the bottom of the kiln, and on top of that, placed the chunks up on end (so the stripes are visible from above, and fired again to a full fuse.  I wasn't sure how close to place them to each other so I left some space around them. 

Over on the left-hand side, I tried some other ideas with pieces of sheet glass topped off with dots or some of the skinny shards that came off the puddles when I was smashing them up.

 

I read on someone's page that it would be better to use shelf primer instead of paper since they'd round better - but I wanted to make max use of my kiln space and just put paper directly on the kiln floor (my shelf is a smaller area so I could only have made about 2/3 of this number).  And I like the irregular shapes!

puddle_melt_pendants_post_fire.jpg
puddle_melt_pendants_post_fire_2.jpg

The above 2 pictures were taken before pulling these out of the kiln so I can see how the different pieces melted - it was about like you'd expect, if the piece was on an angle then the top color is the primary one in the final pendant.  I might add decals to the ones that are more solid colored than the others.

final_puddle_melt_results.jpg

This was a fun project and I'm really happy with the results!  A couple of links that I referenced for making these are below:

And of course the possibilities are endless here - these will be necklaces or I think I'll try turning a couple of the smaller ones into pairs of earrings.  You could also use them in mosaics, stained glass, etc.  And I plan to make some more even slices out of the rest of my puddles to use in a plate project.

First Fused Glass Projects

I learned to make stained glass by taking a class, but I'm figuring out the basics of fusing glass on my own with books and websites.  I'd like to take a class at some point, but for now I think there's enough info out there to pick up the basics.

Project 1:  Square Pendants

After getting the kiln and new controller board all hooked up, I thought I'd start with something simple to make sure everything worked.  I have a "offset square pendant mold" that I got as a birthday present, and had bought 5 colors of frit to try.  I had bought fine frit almost at random for the colors and also had gotten a jar of medium clear frit.  I guess I didn't read up ahead of time to see that the firing schedules for the different grits are different, and so I'm assuming they shouldn't be mixed in the same piece?  Something to look into...

IMG_1403.JPG

I followed the mold instructions, and applied 4 coats of Primo Primer, drying it with a hairdryer between each coat.  I definitely mixed up too much primer, so will use less next time (can you save it once it's mixed??).  This must have worked, because after firing, one of the pendants came right out, the second came out when I turned it upside down, and the last just needed a nudge from my fingernail to pop out.  

kiln_controller_1420.jpg

I had a few colors of frit, and wanted to try all of them to see their fired colors - Kevin made the blue striped pendant and I made the other two.  We finished up the mold prep and pouring in the frit around 7pm on a Sunday evening.  We were feeling paranoid about leaving the kiln on its own in the basement, so one of us sat with it for the first couple of hours.  When it became clear that it wasn't going to spontaneously combust, and that the temperature around the kiln wasn't getting very high, we progressed to hourly check-ins (I started napping on the couch in between!).  Max temperature for this fire was 1420F, and I found that the hottest the surface of the kiln got was around 320F.

fused_square_pendants.JPG

I waited until the next morning to open her up, here is what I found!  This was basically the easiest project that could be done - pour frit in mold, turn on kiln - but it was still really fun to open up the kiln and find pretty pendants.  Will try some more exciting designs next time!

 
offset_square_pendants_final.JPG

After I popped them out of the mold, they did need a little sanding to remove some rough edges, then I strung them on lanyards and have worn two of them.  Will be fun to try this mold again with some different colors and designs.

 

Project 2:  Coasters

For second project, I wanted something more creative, so I made four different 3" square coasters.  I tried a few different ideas just to see how they looked after.  

sailboat_coaster_cutting_glass.jpg

Glass wants to be about 1/4" thick, and my sheet glass is closer to 1/8".  If I'd made my coasters one layer thick, then the glass would pull in and "shrink" to make the a thicker piece.  I wanted this to stay truer to size, so for the sailboat coaster, I cut two blue squares and then put the decoration pieces on top.  The bottom square is slightly smaller than the top, so the glass will flow over the sides and make a nice rounded edge.

coasters_ready_to_fire.jpg

The only other one that was 2 pieces thick all the way around is the transparent green/yellow/blue wavy lines - the lines are all cut and put on top of a clear square.  The hearts were just put on one square of white (should have used 2 since the edges did indeed pull in), and then the vertical stripes were also placed on a single white square.  These are mostly cut glass, with some stringers and then the inner part of the dark blue heart is frit.  I did use Bullsye glasstac to hold the pieces in place for transfer to the kiln and then for firing.

coasters_after_firing.jpg

Final results above!  I'm happy with how they came out and that I got to see how the different glass and ideas looked after firing, but I'd make a few changes next time.  

1.  I'd make everything at least 2 layers thick.

2. The wavy lines one - the lines are a little separated if you look closely.  After making it, I learned I should have had the clear glass as the top layer to have everything flow together.

3.  There is still some sharpie residue from where I outlined the pieces to cut :(  Thought I did a good job cleaning the glass but will try harder next time.

4. Vertical lines one - A tip from the woman that runs the glass shop I go to - since I wanted more separation between them, I could have put clear frit in between the lines to give more separation.

I think that's it!  Oh, and for these I used a full fuse schedule and it is indeed a full fuse - the sailboat is at the same level as the blue glass post-fire!

Getting Started in Glass Fusing

For a while now, I've been wanting to try out warm glass - fusing, slumping, jewelry making, etc.  I'd also like to try metal clay, enameling, and flameworking too at some point.  But Step 1 for me was to get a kiln and some supplies to get started.

Meet Esmerelda - My Kiln Setup

I've been keeping a lookout for kilns on Craigslist for a while, and last Spring I saw this one listed for $300.  It was the perfect size, and the owner was just selling her to move up to another model.

I named my new kiln Esmerelda.  She's a hexagonal shape, 24" exterior diameter, and 11" exterior height.  She fits right into a good spot in the basement, and is big enough to make all the pendants and plates I want.  She is an older Jen-Ken kiln, maybe from the 80s?  Her last owner bought her a new Paragon DTC 100 controller.  The controller didn't quite do everything I want - it didn't seem to allow for a controlled decrease in temperature, and it doesn't allow for a multi-stage program (so you need to visit the kiln after every firing stage and reprogram for the next one).  The previous owner mostly used her for ceramics, so maybe that controller worked fine for ceramics, but it seemed like it would be hard to make it work for some of the complicated glass firing schedules.

kiln_controller.JPG

I ended up ordering a new controller board from Bartlett Instrument Company,  and I got the Genesis Model LT3140 for $329.  This is just the board, which we installed into the controller box for the DTC 100.  It fit, but the holes weren't in the exact right spot, so we had to drill 2 new holes for the bottom screws.  The photo to the right shows the box hanging on the wall - the darker grey part is the new controller board.  

 

 

 

 
Kiln all setup and ready to fire.

Kiln all setup and ready to fire.

My total cost for the kiln and controller board was $629, and it looks like a similar new kiln runs about $1000 today, so I'll call that a win.  I have definitely invested that extra savings plus some into other supplies and glass, so it was nice to save where I could.

The kiln fits perfectly in our basement between a brick wall, the furnace, and the hot water heater.  It's placed on some cinderblocks.  During the first firing (which had a max kiln temp of 1420F), we used a laser thermometer to keep track of the temperatures all the way around the kiln and found that the hottest point was the surface of the kiln, which recorded a max temp ~300F.  The bricks, furnace, etc, didn't go up much in temperature.

Additional Fusing Supplies

The kiln is the biggest and most critical item needed, but I've also been getting a bunch of other supplies too.  I decided to go with all COE 90 glass - I read that it's a little harder to work with than COE 96, but since there was more selection in colors, I picked 90.  I don't really want to have to store both types, so I will probably stick exclusively with COE 90.  I bought one of the Bullseye class packs from Delphi (link isn't to the exact one, there are several different mixes), 6 jars of Frit, and some stringer rods - all Bullseye.

I already had all the essentials for glass cutting, but did invest in a new "non-essential" - a Taurus 3 ring saw.  I had been doing the score and snap method, which works fine, but I've been drooling over the idea of a saw for a while so I could make more intricate shapes.  And I'd tried using COE 90 glass in a stained glass panel, and found that it was much harder to work with - I broke a LOT of pieces while scoring/snapping, and so I thought it might be a lot nicer to have a saw.  I'll need to do a whole other post on the saw, but let me just say that it has been GREAT to have !

Kiln Furniture and Molds

My research said that you want to have your work in about the center of the kiln.  I got 3" kiln posts, and a 12" round shelf to place the work on top of.  I also got some fiber paper and Primo Primer for mold prepping.  

I wanted to start out with smaller molds, so my first project uses a square pendant mold - I also have a mold for small square dish, and a couple other pendant molds I haven't tried yet.

Of course, I still have a wish list of stuff to get and try -more frit colors, I'd like to try decals, I need some thicker fiber paper, and of course more molds and glass too.  For now, I just need to focus on trying out some easy projects with what I have but it's really hard to go crazy buying piles of supplies!

Next post, I'll talk about my first two projects in the kiln - #2 is firing as I type and I'm hoping it turns out well!